Europe covers approximately 2% of the world’s earth’s surface; it is the second smallest continent in the world. The origin of the word Europe is believed to have been derived from the myths Zeus and Europa. Homo erectus, the first man is believed to have penetrated the western part of Europe by 500, 0000 years ago. The fossils of his remains can be traced from the caves of West England. For approximate of about 230, 0000 years ago the ancient human descendants of homo erectus with sufficient human brain with physical strength called homo sapiens emerged.
Some theories put forward that Europe originated from Greek origin – wide grazing. The culture of Europe has been evolving even to the recent past. The culture of Europe stretches back from 20, 000 BC, this is proved or evidenced by the presence of caves and cave paintings. Lascaux is the most known cave in the world; it is located in France, by 5000 Cultivation of peas by the hierarchical society had begun.
By 4300 BCE the tombs of megalithic were already in use in Europe. Farming was intensified in Europe in that almost 35000 were distributed across the continent. By 2000 bronze work emerged in Europe at a very first rate. The construction of the famous Stonehenge began in 1860 BCE, even though the id did not have a good impression to the Greeks and the Romans afterward. During the late 78 BC, the Roman historian Tacitus under the governorship of Agricola referred to as rude and unwelcoming to the Romans who was to bring civilization and cultivation to a broad segment of people.
The Neolithic revolution which was characterized by the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals began in Greece in 7000 BC. It took about 3000 years to spread across the entire regions of the Atlantic Coast and in Britain